William Shakespeare has become known, the world over for his poetry and the passion he has portrayed within his plays. Yet the earliest plays were written in a style much associated with the times of the day.
He was known to use metaphors (a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action that it does not literally apply to in order to imply a resemblance) and rhetorical phrases (the art of using speech or writing to influence using groups of words). However, this did not always work well with the plot of the story or the characters within the story.
So he created his innovative style, one which he was associated with, which was based loosely on the style of the day. He produced a form, where the words flowed off the tongue with ease, whilst keeping the plot intact.
In a sense, we would have to say, he re-wrote parts of the English language, by increasing its vocabulary, to work with his plays.
William Shakespeare’s life and works as we see it, has four distinctive periods, covering plays in three genres: Histories – Tragedies – Comedies, relating to him as a man.
Period One … Up to 1595.
During this period we would see the youthful man and young love move into imagination, and plays associated and written within this period included; The Comedy of Errors, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Romeo and Juliet and Richard III.
Period Two … 1595-1601.
During this period, he would show more dramatic art within his works, with more appreciation for the character interlinked with sadness, which included the works of; The Merchant of Venice, Henry IV, Henry V and As You Like it.
Period Three … 1601-1608.
This period showed us little of the man, the writer in the true sense, for his life was changing, for his father died in 1601. The Earl of Essex was executed by Queen Elizabeth I on a charge of treason, even Shakespeare feared for his life.
Period Four … 1608-1613.
After the sadness of the last period William Shakespeare showed new vitality in his work, new strength in the works of Othello and Macbeth. In 1608 his mother died, and he remembered her kindness and love towards him.
The greatest works he wrote during this period would have to be; The Cymbeline, The Winter’s Tale and The Tempest.
William Shakespeare will always be remembered for his plays, yet he was responsible for the writing of numerous poems and 154 sonnets.
In 1593 and 1594, all theatres remained closed, because of the plague, and it was during this time he wrote two narrative poems for the Earl of Southampton; Henry Wriothesley. “Venus and Adonis” and “The Rape of Lucrece,” both became popular and were reprinted many times during his lifetime.
It is believed the majority of his sonnets were written during his lifetime, and mainly for private readership, dedicated to one’s he loved. They fall into two groups, one aimed at lust, marriage and that of a dark lady, and the other is love for a young man.
Could it be that the dark lady, could be one, Anne Whateley of Temple Grafton, whom he had intended to marry, but once Anne Hathaway announced she was pregnant, he was forced into marriage.
As for the young man, could it be “William Hughes” as put forward in writings of Oscar Wilde; “The Portrait of Mr.W.H.” published in Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine in July 1889. It is a short story referring to a conversation, about William Shakespeare’s love for a young actor, and his sonnets.
(Image) William Shakespeare 1609: Wikipedia
Anne Hathaway’s cottage is located in the village of Shottery, close to a mile in a westerly direction from Stratford-upon-Avon, the birth place of her husband William Shakespeare.
For it was here that Anne grew up, in this house originally called “Hewlands.”
It was built on strong stone foundations, with timber framed walls filled with wattle and daub. The oldest part dates back to the 15th century, and the remainder is of 16th and 17th century. The central chimney stack was rebuilt in 1697.
Anne Hathaway’s Cottage & Garden:Shakespeare.org
The facts surrounding the early years of Anne Hathoway, are a little sketchy at best, but we know she was born in 1555/1556 in Shottery, Warwickshire, and her father Richard Hathoway was a farmer, who died in September 1581, when she was in her mid-twenties.
According to the will of Richard Hathoway, he left his daughter Anne the sum of £6-13s-4d to be paid out on the day of her marriage.
When Anne Hathoway married William Shakespeare on the 27th November 1582 in Worcester, she was already pregnant with their first child; Susanna, born on the 26th May 1583.
If one studies the writings and events related to the life of William Shakespeare, it becomes obvious that he was involved with two women at the same time. Anne Hathoway of Shottery and Anne Whateley of Temple Grafton whom he had intended to marry. Once the news got out, he was forced into marriage with Anne Hathoway, as she was carrying his child; it was nothing short of a shotgun wedding.
Two years later, Anne and William had twind; Hamnet and Judith in 1585. Bubonic plague was a common disease at that time, and they lost Hamnet to it, aged just eleven years old in 1596, and he was buried in Stratford.
Their first born daughter, Susanna went on to marry John Hall the local doctor in 1607, and gave birth to a daughter; Elizabeth in 1608.
His other daughter; Judith, would bring shame on the family name. She chose a different path in life, which years later, wished he had stepped in earlier and stopped their relationship and eventual marriage. In February 1616 Judith Shakespeare aged 31, married Thomas Quiney aged 27, a tavern owner.
A disgusted William heard that his new son-in-law Thomas had married his daughter, having made another pregnant, and not marrying the one carrying his child as would have been expected of him. Added to the fact, he had not applied for a special marriage licence, for celebrations were forbidden during Lent by the church. This resulted in their excommunication on the 12th March 1616.
On the 25th March 1616, William Shakespeare made changes to his will. Upon his death his daughter Judith would inherit £300 in her own name, and left most of his property to his other daughter Susanna Hall and her husband.
He made only one bequest to his wife; Anne, that of the second-best bed with the furniture, could this be that he implierd she was second best person in his intimate life. However, if one consults “Elizabethan Customs” the best bed in the house is usually reserved for guests; therefore he may not have intended any insult within his will.
Where upon after his death, John and Susanna Hall his eldest daughter, moved into “New Place,” the family home in Stratford.
Anne Hathoway saw little of her husband for he chose to live in London, writing and performing plays, whilst she remained in Stratford, raising their family. Each year he would return home for a break when the theatres were closed, and upon his retirement in 1613, opted to live out the rest of his life in Stratford with his wife Anne.
It had been Anne’s wish that she be buried with her husband; William Shakespeare. Instead she lay in a separate grave beside him in the Church of the Holy Trinity in Stratford-upon-Avon.
The Inscription states: “Here lyeth the body of Anne wife of William Shakespeare who departed this life the 6th day of August 1623 being of the age of 67 years.”
A latin inscription follows, and the translated version reads: “Breasts, O mother, milk and life thou dist give. Woe is me – for how great a boon shall I give stones? How much rather would I pray that the good angel should move the stone so that, like Christ’s body, thine image might come forth” But my prayers are unavailing. Come quickly Christ, that my mother, though shut within the tomb may rise again and reach the stars.”
(Image) Anne Hathoway: Findingshakespeare
One of the mysteries to behold this planet of ours has to be the “Bermuda Triangle,” a freak of nature, located in the North Atlantic Ocean. Running from Bermuda to Miami Florida, to San Juan Puerto Rico, covering an area close to 1½ million square miles.
Yet, myth or legend it does not stop ships and planes crossing over this site, an area noted for its high volume of commercial traffic.
The fabled Bermuda Triangle, has left us with many unanswered questions as to how ships and planes have disappeared over the years … lost never to be seen again.
I like others before me have my own thoughts, as to what and why they disappear. For it is noted it is not every plane or ship that crosses through it, which makes one believe, the reason has to be a force of nature or some unknown and unseen force.
We all know, the sea can be deadly and yet a mysterious place, when bad weather and unreliable navigation are at fault. On the other hand, we have missing planes, which adds another question … above and on sea level.
Some suggestions put forward relate to the possibility that compass readings are incorrect, and those anomalies change in relation to the earth’s magnetic pole. If we look back in history, early mariners have stated that it is not uncommon for ones compass to go out of control, in different parts of the world.
The Gulf Stream is an ocean current, starting from the Gulf of Mexico, flowing through the Straits of Florida ending up in the North Atlantic, with a surface velocity of 2.5 metres per second.
Cyclones have been held responsible for many incidents in or close to the triangle. Another possibility is , if we received a downdraft of cold air, wind speeds have been known to increase dramatically, and the sea would explode outwards, creating a squall line of wind and water.
Yet what it does not explain is how ships and planes can go missing without trace.
The only other option has to be a portal in space. We know not much about space, but this would seem the most logical scenario, and wildest idea, but one never knows!
So let’s look at some of those known to have gone missing, as they crossed the Bermuda Triangle.
The USS Cyclops went missing on 4th March 1918, with the loss of her crew of 309. The USS Proteus went missing in 1941, with a crew of 58. The USS Nereus also went missing in 1941, with a crew of 61. The three ships were all carrying large loads of metallic ore at the time of their disappearance.
On the 5th December 1945, “Flight 19” a training flight of five torpedo bombers disappeared over the north-Atlantic, with the loss of 14 airmen. The rescue aircraft a “PBM Mariner” also disappeared with the loss of 13 airmen.
On the 30th January 1948 a “G-AHNP Star Tiger” passenger aircraft disappeared with the loss of 31 crew and passengers.
On the 17th January 1949 a “G-AGRE Star Tiger” passenger aircraft disappeared, with the loss of 20 crew and passengers.
On the 28th December 1948, a Douglas DC-3 disappeared with 32 on board.
On the 28th August 1963, two US Air Force KC-135 Stratotankers crashed together in mid-air, but only one aircrafts remnants could be found.
On the 4th February 1963, the SS Marine Sulphur Queen, with a cargo of 15,260 tons of sulphur disappeared with the loss of 39 crewmen.
On the 22nd December 1967, the Witchcraft cabin cruiser disappeared with all hands according to the Coast Guard.
(Image) The Bermuda Triangle Map: UnMuseum
(Image) Secret of Bermuda Triangle: Takeln
With all these ships, planes and people known to have disappeared through the ages, there is definitely a question that needs to be answered. What is causing these events, is it human error, or an act of nature? So it is my intention to investigate further the phenomena of world mysteries, and report them on my site.
The History of the Bermuda Triangle is not finished, so there will be more articles on this and others to follow.
In 1594, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England, Shakespeare needed a playing company to perform his plays to the public. So it was, that the “Lord Chamberlain’s Men” were born with him being one of the owners.
Richard Burbage would play most of the leading roles, which would have included; Hamlet, Othello and Macbeth to name just a few, whilst Shakespeare himself would have performed many of the secondary parts.
Shakespeare wrote most of his plays to be performed by the “Lord Chamberlain’s Men,” and they played to their audience at “The Theatre” in Shoreditch, then in 1597 they moved to the “Curtain Theatre,” following a dispute with their landlord.
His need for larger premises saw the ambitious construction of the “Globe Theatre” in Southwark, built in 1599.
For it was on the 29th December 1598 that “The Theatre” in Shoreditch was dismantled, and the main beams moved to south of the River Thames: “The Globe Theatre,” in Southwark.
The original Globe Theatre was a three-storey open-air amphitheatre, some 100 feet in diameter, and easily capable of housing 3,000 spectators.
Located at the base of the stage, we find an area referred to as the pit, which was for standing room only. It was common practice in this design, to locate larger columns on either side of the stage as support for a roof over the rear area of stage. The ceiling area would be painted with what appeared to be sky and clouds, representing the heavens. A trap door would be located in the heavens, allowing performers to descend using a harness.
The Globe became a joint venture, as in the “Lord Chamberlain’s Men” sharing in profits and debts: Richard Burbage – Cuthbert Burbage – William Shakespeare – John Heminges – Augustine Phillips – Thomas Pope.
With its first performance being held on the 21st September 1599 in their new playhouse: Julius Ceasar.
William Shakespeare’s wealth grew, with each and every production drawing in the crowds to witness the plays of this man. He who had no formal training according to a critic of his work; Robert Greene, yet he was popular. Many of his plays were being published, and his name attracted many to read his works.
In 1603, Queen Elizabeth I died, and King James I ascended to the English throne, and became their new patron. They changed their name to the “King’s Men” in response. The company then held exclusive rights for the performances of William Shakespeare plays.
The “Globe Theatre” was destroyed by fire on 29th June 1613, during a performance of Henry VIII. It is said a theatrical cannon misfired setting the wooden beams and thatched roof into a blazing inferno. She was rebuilt by June 1614.
“The Globe” suffered the same fate as many other London theatres in 1642; being closed, and demolished in 1644, making way for tenements, by order of the Puritans. Thankfully, William Shakespeare had not been alive to see his dream torn down.
The Globe Theatre Stamp: Postalheritage.org.uk